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明朝时英国就想打开中国大门 对火炮垂涎三尺 还偷了35架大炮

时间:2019-08-16 16:29来源:未知 点击:

  英国一直都想对外贸易,尤其是对富庶的古代中国。中英之间最著名的接触当属鸦片战争。但是其实早在明朝的时候,英国就来到过中国,试图打开两国之间的贸易通道。那时候在欧洲,葡萄牙国力强盛,他们通过强占中国澳门,在那里驻兵,再加上当时明朝实行海禁,葡萄牙几乎垄断了欧洲通向中国的贸易渠道。眼看着葡萄牙人在那里大发横财,英国人可就不干了,他们也想着从中国赚取一杯羹,想通过某种方式建立起与中国的贸易通道。英国首先在澳门地区开始转悠,想办法想在葡萄牙人那里占点便宜。可是葡萄牙怎么会把巨额利润让给英国,他们绝不给英国一点可乘之机。葡萄牙先准备好军队防御,防备这英国冲进澳门。同时向明朝政府打小报告,把英国人说成是荷兰人,来到这里就是来捣乱的。结果明朝政府听信了葡萄牙人的话,开始驱逐澳门的英国人。英国看在澳门占不到便宜,就调转船头驶向广州虎门。是的,就是在虎门这个地方,清末的林则徐禁烟,中国的耻辱也因这件事之后爆发的战争开始。英国人到了虎门这里,更可放一两个枕头于他的头下只要有一幅墙复发现这里挺不错的,风景也挺好,非常适合做贸易港口,于是就想把这个地方搞到手。当时明朝守军发现英国人,就警告他们不要在那里逗留,赶紧哪里来的回哪去。可是英国人本来就是来找事的,听了这话根本不放在心上,于是找了个借口,对着虎门就是一顿乱轰,攻占了这里。英国人心里还挺美,心说原来中国军队战斗力也不高,这么轻松就被我们占领虎门了。于是英国人堂而皇之的在虎门插上了英国国旗,还把虎门兵营里的三十五门大炮拆下来搬到船上,想着等到回英国的时候,把这些东西献给国王,国王肯定会非常高兴。但是当时的明军可不是近代的清军,英国人可以对着腐败无能的清政府随便欺负,不过明朝军队那时候可不是好惹的。明军在虎门败了一场后,镇守广州的将军火冒三丈,心说这些可恶的蛮夷简直胆大包天,还敢在这里撒野。于是他调动大军,对虎门的英军围剿。大炮轰炸不断,很快打得英军溃不成军,明朝军队很快就重新占领了虎门。英国人被打得这么惨,顿时明白了明军的实力,也明白自己太低估对方。于是英国就请葡萄牙人出面协调,当个和事老。经过葡萄牙人的一番苦口婆心,最终明朝答应跟英国人和解,但是英国人要赔偿2800两白银,并且贸易结束之后尽快离开中国。其实那时明朝政府还是很宽容的,明明就有把这些英军一口吞掉的实力,但是还大方的给了很多优惠政策,随便赔一点钱把他们驱逐出境就算了。估计英国人也觉得自己活着离开中国非常庆幸,于是还又给明朝政府递交了一份保证书,大意就是以后一定规规矩矩的,明朝政府也就原谅他们,允许他们把贸易的东西卖完。不过到了清朝末年,英国人就把200多年前的承诺给忘记了,又一次带着炮火来到了中国。

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